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Our heritage is the inheritance that has been passed down by our ancestors, we live in the midst of our heritage and it our duty to pass it down to our descendents.
Both natural heritages and cultural heritages are the source of our life and inspiration and they cannot be replaced by anything else.
Types of heritages are unique and diversified. Serengeti National Park in Tanzania, Africa, pyramids in Egypt, Great Barrier Reef in Australia and Baroque Cathedral in the South American continent are all heritages of human kind. The special concept of ‘world heritage’emerged due to the generalized value of all human kinds contained in them regardless of the particular location of such heritages.
UNESCO adopted the Convention Concerning the Protection of the World Cultural and Natural Heritages (the ‘Convention on World Heritage’)in 1972 in order to discover, protect and preserve natural and cultural heritages with such generalized value throughout the human race.
World heritages refer to heritages with outstanding generalized value stipulated by the Convention on World Heritage and are categorized into Natural Heritage, Cultural Heritage and Composite Heritage in accordance with their characteristics.
- Monuments :
- Heritages among the monuments, structures, commemorative sculptures and paintings, ancient relics and structures, epigraphs, historical cave sites and mixed historical sites with outstanding and generalized historical, artistic and academic values.
- Constructed structure group :
- Heritages, which are structures that are either independent or connected, with outstanding and generalized historical or artistic value
- Historical site :
- Heritages, which are the artificial results or outcome of combination of artificial works and nature, with outstanding and generalized historical, physiognomic, nationalistic or human racial value in districts including ancient relics.
- Monuments of nature accomplished with inorganic or biological products with outstanding and generalized physiognomic or scientific values.
- Geological and physiographical products along with habitats and reproductive sites of animals and organisms confronted with threat of destruction with outstanding and generalized scientific, preservative and aesthetic value particularly in specified region.
- Natural region or natural historical site with definitively revealing outstanding and generalized value from the scientific, preservative and natural aesthetic points of view.
- Heritages that satisfy the characteristics of cultural and natural heritages simultaneously
- Designs that symbolize world heritage are used to indicate the heritages being protected by the Convention on World Heritage or heritages registered on the list of world heritage, or to express the generalized values aimed by the Convention on World Heritage. It is a work created by a Belgium artist, Michel Olyff, and was adopted in 1978.
- The rectangle in the middle symbolizes the products of technology and inspiration of human beings while the outer circle symbolizes the nature. The rectangle and the circle are interconnected to indicate that human and nature are entities interconnected with each other. Circular shape of the design indicates the world as well as the message of enticement for protection of the world heritage by the entire people in the world.
- [Key principles in utilization of designs symbolizing world heritage]
- The World Heritage Council can approve utilization of the design for all activities that substantially comply with the goals and values contained in the Convention on Heritage.
- Approval of utilization of the design must be closely related to the contents of the project and utilization of the design for commercial purposes is limited.
- Key criteria for approval educational, scientific, cultural and artistic importance related to the principles and values of the world heritages. Usage of design shall be limited in cases such as application in cups, T-shirts and other tourist souvenir with no or insignificant educational value. It may be used exceptionally in the cases of special events such as Council meetings.
- With the exception of special cases for which the definitive assistance to overall world heritages or specific world heritage can be evidenced, institutions that are being managed for commercial purposes such as travel agencies and airlines cannot use the design.
- In the event of unavoidable generation of commercial profits, World Heritage Center shall draft contracts or other agreements that specify their details.
- Design can be used for seminars or workshops related to scientific technology and preservative technology, which are not related to particular world heritage or are out of the scope of standards for general utilization of the design, only by acquiring approval through review of the guidelines on utilization. In such case, application must be drafted with focus placed on evidencing that the utilization of the design can be helpful in promotion of execution of the Convention.
- Yeongneung, Nyeongneung Royal Tombs